What Are The Elements Of Cost Accounting?

What are the main objectives of cost accounting?

Objectives of cost accounting are ascertainment of cost, fixation of selling price, proper recording and presentation of cost data to management for measuring efficiency and for cost control and cost reduction, ascertaining the profit of each activity, assisting management in decision making and determination of break- ….

What are the elements of cost?

A cost is composed of three elements – Material, Labour and Expenses. Each of these three elements can be direct and indirect, i.e., direct materials and indirect materials, direct labour and indirect labour, direct expenses and indirect expenses.

What are the elements of prime cost?

The major two components of prime cost are direct materials and direct labor; totaling the two figures results in the calculation of prime cost.

What is basic concept of cost sheet?

A cost sheet is a statement that shows the various components of total cost for a product and shows previous data for comparison. You can deduce the ideal selling price of a product based on the cost sheet. … A historical cost sheet is prepared based on the actual cost incurred for a product.

What is job cost sheet and its features?

Job cost sheet is a document used to record manufacturing costs and is prepared by companies that use job-order costing system to compute and allocate costs to products and services. … It is used as a subsidiary ledger to the work in process account because it contains all details about the job in process.

What is prime cost sum?

A prime cost sum (PC or PC sum) is an allowance, usually calculated by the cost consultant, for the supply of work or materials to be provided by a contractor or supplier that will be nominated by the client (that is, a supplier that is selected by the client to carry out an element of the works and imposed on the main …

What are the types of cost accounting?

Cost accounting considers all input costs associated with production, including both variable and fixed costs. Types of cost accounting include standard costing, activity-based costing, lean accounting, and marginal costing.

What are the three types of cost?

Types of costsFixed costs. Fixed costs are costs that do not vary with the level of output in the short term.Variable costs. A variable cost varies in direct proportion with the level of output. … Semi-variable costs. … Total costs. … Direct costs. … Indirect costs.

What are the basic uses of cost accounting?

Cost accounting is a facet of management accounting that determines the actual cost associated with manufacturing a product or providing a service by looking at all expenses within the supply chain. It is done for the purpose of budget preparation and profitability analysis.

What you mean by prime cost?

Prime costs are a firm’s expenses directly related to the materials and labor used in production. It refers to a manufactured product’s costs, which are calculated to ensure the best profit margin for a company. … Direct costs do not include indirect expenses, such as advertising and administrative costs.

What is the importance of cost sheet?

The main objective of the cost sheet is to ascertain the cost of a product. The cost sheet helps in the ascertainment of cost to determine cost after they are incurred. It also helps to ascertain the actual cost or estimated cost of a Job.

What are the advantages of cost sheet?

The main advantages of a cost sheet are: (i) It indicates the break-up of the total cost by elements, i.e. material, labour, overheads, etc. (ii) It discloses the total cost and cost per unit of the units produced. (iii) It facilitates comparison.

What are the 4 types of cost?

Following this summary of the different types of costs are some examples of how costs are used in different business applications.Fixed and Variable Costs.Direct and Indirect Costs. … Product and Period Costs. … Other Types of Costs. … Controllable and Uncontrollable Costs— … Out-of-pocket and Sunk Costs—More items…•

What is Prime cost example?

Prime costs are the costs directly incurred to create a product or service. … Examples of prime costs are: Direct materials. This is the raw materials used to construct a product. This may also include supplies consumed during the production of individual units, if such an association can be established.

What are the elements of cost sheet?

A Cost Sheet depicts the following facts: Total cost and cost per unit for a product. The various elements of cost such as prime cost, factory cost, production cost, cost of goods sold, total cost, etc. Percentage of every expenditure to the total cost.