Quick Answer: What Is Nervous System And Its Function?

What is the function of the nervous system?

The nervous system is the major controlling, regulatory, and communicating system in the body.

It is the center of all mental activity including thought, learning, and memory.

Together with the endocrine system, the nervous system is responsible for regulating and maintaining homeostasis..

What are the 4 main functions of the nervous system?

The four main functions of the nervous system are:Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. … Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. … Memory and learning. … Voluntary control of movement.

What are the 3 functions of nervous system?

The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output. In the PNS, sensory receptor neurons respond to physical stimuli in our environment, like touch or temperature, and send signals that inform the CNS of the state of the body and the external environment.

Why the nervous system is important?

The nervous system plays a role in nearly every aspect of our health and well-being. It guides everyday activities such as waking up; automatic activities such as breathing; and complex processes such as thinking, reading, remembering, and feeling emotions. The nervous system controls: Brain growth and development.

Nervous system diseasesAlzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. … Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of facial muscles on one side of the face. … Cerebral palsy. … Epilepsy. … Motor neurone disease (MND) … Multiple sclerosis (MS) … Neurofibromatosis. … Parkinson’s disease.More items…

How is nervous system damaged?

Injuries (trauma), especially injuries to the head and spinal cord. Problems that are present at birth (congenital). Mental health problems, such as anxiety disorders, depression, or psychosis. Exposure to toxins, such as carbon monoxide, arsenic, or lead.

What is nervous system and its types?

The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.

What are the 3 types of nervous system?

There are three types of nerves in your body: autonomic nerves, motor nerves, and sensory nerves.

What is human nervous system?

Human nervous system, system that conducts stimuli from sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord and conducts impulses back to other parts of the body.

How does human nervous system work?

The nervous system takes in information through our senses, processes the information and triggers reactions, such as making your muscles move or causing you to feel pain. For example, if you touch a hot plate, you reflexively pull back your hand and your nerves simultaneously send pain signals to your brain.

What are the parts and function of nervous system?

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

What is nervous system short answer?

The nervous system is a system in the body which sends signals around the body. It lets people and animals respond to what is around them. The central nervous system is the brain, the spinal cord, and nerves. It is present in most animals. … The brain has billions of nerve cells to help think, walk, and breathe.

What are the characteristics of the nervous system?

Characteristics Of Nervous TissueNervous tissue makes up for the CNS and PNS of the nervous system.Contains two distinct cells – neurons and glial cells.It consists of the dendrites, cell body, axon and nerve endings.More items…

Who discovered the nervous system?

HerophilusHerophilus was the first to examine and report on the structure of the nervous system. He was able to do this by dissecting human cadavers [15], a practice that was in many places abandoned until the 16th Century [16]. This method allowed him to make many discoveries.