Can Mental Retardation Be Treated?

How do you deal with a mentally challenged person?

SPEAK DIRECTLY.

Use clear simple communications.

OFFER TO SHAKE HANDS WHEN INTRODUCED.

MAKE EYE CONTACT AND BE AWARE OF BODY LANGUAGE.

LISTEN ATTENTIVELY.

TREAT ADULTS AS ADULTS.

DO NOT GIVE UNSOLICITED ADVICE OR ASSISTANCE.

DO NOT BLAME THE PERSON.

QUESTIONS THE ACCURACY OF THE MEDIA STEREOTYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESS.More items….

Is mental retardation genetic?

We have not yet understood all the genetic factors involved in mental retardation. Currently more than 50 genes have been associated with syndromic and 25 genes with nonsyndromic X-linked mental retardation only and this is expected to be only 40% of the families with X-linked mental retardation.

What causes an intellectual disability?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

What part of the brain is affected by mental retardation?

Cypin is restricted to a few regions in the brain, most notably the hippocampus, which controls learning and memory. Faulty dendrite branching there is likely to cause retardation.

Is mental retardation a birth defect?

What is Down syndrome? Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that includes a combination of birth defects, including some degree of mental retardation, characteristic facial features and, often, heart defects, visual and hearing impairment, and other health problems.

What are the biological causes for mental retardation?

Biological risk factors for mental retardation include malnutrition; exposure to toxins such as lead, alcohol, and PCBs, and being born at LBW. Social in¯ uences from homes, schools, and cultures are related to intelligence and mental retardation although the direction of effect is difficult to determine.

What are signs of low IQ?

9 Signs of Low Emotional IntelligenceThey Always Have to Be ‘Right’ … They’re Oblivious to Other People’s Feelings. … They Behave Insensitively. … They Blame Others for Their Problems. … They Have Poor Coping Skills. … They Have Emotional Outbursts. … They Struggle With Relationships. … They Turn Conversations Toward Themselves.

Does mental retardation get worse with age?

What mental changes occur, as adults with mental- retardation grow older? Like the general population after age 50, people with mental retardation, who do not have Down syndrome, experience a gradual decline in overall intellectual capacity, a decrease in their speed of recall, and slower general cognitive functioning.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

How does intellectual disability affect a person?

Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child.

What is the life expectancy of a person with mental retardation?

Kaplan-Meier survival plots showed a strong negative association between severity of intellectual disability and survival, with median life expectancies of 74.0, 67.6, and 58.6 years for people with mild, moderate, and severe lev- els of handicap.

How does mental retardation affect their everyday life?

Lack of or slow development of motor skills, language skills and self-help skills, especially when compared to peers. Failure to grow intellectually or continued infant-like behavior. Lack of curiosity. Problems keeping up in school.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The condition is further divided into four levels of retardation based on IQ, which include mild mental retardation (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate mental retardation (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe mental retardation (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40), and profound mental retardation (IQ below 20 or 25) (American …

Who is a mentally challenged person?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What is the difference between mental illness and mental retardation?

There is no difference between mental retardation and mental illness.

How do you understand intellectual disability?

Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.

Is mental retardation a diagnosis?

Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.